key principles of person centred therapy


Person-centred therapy is a type of psychotherapy which places emphasis on the individual’s own capacity to move towards psychological health. Its core principles strive to provide an environment in which individuals feel accepted, valued, and supported. This type of therapy focuses on the individual’s internal resources and encourages self-exploration and self-expression. It also emphasises the development of a special relationship between the therapist and the individual, as well as between the individual and their surroundings. The following are some key principles of person-centred therapy:Empathy is the ability to understand and share the feelings of another. It involves being able to put yourself in someone else’s shoes and feel what they are feeling. This can help us be more understanding and compassionate towards others. When we have empathy for someone, we can better understand how they think and feel, which can lead to better communication and relationships. Empathy helps us form meaningful connections with others, as it allows us to look at situations from multiple perspectives.

Unconditional Positive Regard

Unconditional Positive Regard is a term used in psychology to describe the acceptance and respect of another person, regardless of how they behave or think. This concept has been heavily studied and is seen as one of the most important factors in creating healthy relationships. It involves seeing the other person as valuable, worthy, and important, with no expectation of change or improvement. Unconditional Positive Regard is built on the idea that everyone deserves to be accepted as they are, with all their flaws and imperfections. It doesn’t mean that you have to agree with everything they do or say – it simply means that you value them as a person.

In order to practice Unconditional Positive Regard, it is essential to put aside your own biases and judgments about the other person’s beliefs and actions. This can be difficult, especially when someone has done something wrong or said something hurtful. However, it is important to remember that everyone deserves respect even if they make mistakes or have different opinions than you do. By showing Unconditional Positive Regard towards others, we create an atmosphere of understanding and acceptance which can help build strong relationships and foster mutual understanding.

It is also important to keep in mind that Unconditional Positive Regard does not always have to involve words; sometimes it can be shown through body language or small actions such as smiling at someone or offering a hug when they seem down or upset. This type of non-verbal communication can go a long way in showing someone that you care about them and value them as a person regardless of their circumstances.

Unconditional Positive Regard is an essential part of forming positive relationships with those around us. By showing others respect and acceptance without judgment or prejudice, we help create an environment where everyone feels safe and respected for who they are. In turn, this helps foster mutual understanding and creates an atmosphere where people feel comfortable being themselves without fear of judgment or criticism.


Congruence is a state of agreement between two or more things. It is also a fundamental concept of mathematics and physics, as well as the root of many philosophical theories. In everyday life, congruence can be seen in the relationship between people, such as when two friends share a common goal or viewpoint. In business, congruence is essential for a successful team and to build productive relationships with customers. Congruence is also important for personal development, as it helps individuals to align their beliefs and values with their actions and behaviors.

Congruence can be achieved by understanding one’s self and being honest about one’s needs and wants. This means being aware of one’s goals, motivations, strengths, weaknesses, attitudes and beliefs. Once these are identified and accepted, individuals can then work on developing congruent behaviors that align with these qualities. This process requires discipline and commitment to continually assess how well one’s actions match up with one’s goals or principles.

It is also important to recognize when incongruity occurs in relationships or within oneself. Incongruity can arise from mismatched expectations or unmet needs that lead to a lack of trust or understanding between people. Similarly, incongruity in oneself can result from not living up to one’s own ideals or values. To resolve this issue it may be necessary to reassess goals or identify new strategies that will help to restore congruency in relationships or within oneself.

While congruency may not always be achievable due to external factors such as geography or cultural differences, it remains an essential element for achieving meaningful personal growth and healthy interpersonal relationships. By recognizing the importance of congruency in all aspects of life – from business decisions to interpersonal communication – individuals can create an atmosphere of mutual understanding that encourages collaboration and trust between themselves and others.

In summary, congruence is an essential part of life that helps individuals grow personally and professionally while fostering strong relationships with those around them. By recognizing the importance of maintaining congruency both within oneself and towards others, individuals can create an atmosphere where everyone feels respected and valued regardless of their differences.


Genuineness is a quality that is hard to come by in the world today. It can be found in the smallest of gestures, such as a compliment or a hug, or it can be seen in a deeper capacity, such as through honesty and compassion. Genuineness is about being true to yourself and your values; it’s about being authentic and sincere with those around you.

When you are genuine, people can see it and feel it. You don’t have to put on a facade or pretend to be someone else; instead, you show your true colors and you let people know who you really are. Genuine people stand out from the crowd because they are not afraid to speak their truth and express themselves honestly.

Being genuine also means being honest with yourself. It means living up to your own standards of integrity, even when no one else is watching. Genuine people do not shy away from difficult conversations; instead they seek out understanding and strive for harmony between different points of view.

Genuineness fosters connection and builds strong relationships between people. When we show our authentic selves to others without fear of judgement or criticism, we create an environment where trust can form and grow. We can open up to one another more easily when we feel safe in our own skin, which leads to deeper levels of understanding and connection within ourselves and with others.

At the end of the day, genuineness is key if we want to create meaningful connections with those around us. Being genuine means being true to ourselves; it means expressing our thoughts and feelings honestly without fear of judgement or criticism from others. The more genuine we become, the more open our hearts become—and the more connected we become with those around us who share our values and beliefs.

The Importance of Respectful Attitude

The importance of having a respectful attitude cannot be overstated. Respect is a key part of any successful relationship, whether it is between friends, family members, co-workers, or even strangers. A respectful attitude shows others that you value their opinions and feelings and that you are willing to listen and learn from them. Having a respectful attitude can help improve communication between people and can help build trust and understanding. Here are some ways to demonstrate respect in your everyday life:

  • Always listen to what the other person has to say.
  • Read their body language and look for non-verbal cues.
  • Respect their personal space.
  • Show empathy towards them.
  • Avoid making assumptions about them.
  • Be honest with them.

When you show respect for others, it can create a positive environment where everyone feels safe to express themselves without fear of judgement or criticism. It also encourages open communication which is essential for any successful relationship. Respect also builds self-esteem in both parties as it shows that each person values the other’s opinion and feelings.

Respectful attitudes can also lead to better problem solving skills as people are more likely to cooperate when they feel respected by others. People who show respect for each other are more likely to seek out solutions together instead of trying to solve the problem on their own. This helps create an atmosphere of cooperation and collaboration which leads to better outcomes.

Having a respectful attitude is also important when dealing with difficult situations or conflicts. Showing respect allows people to disagree without becoming angry or frustrated and helps keep conversations focused on finding solutions instead of arguing over who is right or wrong. In addition, people who show respect are more likely to be open-minded which can lead to creative solutions that wouldn’t have been considered otherwise.

Overall, having a respectful attitude is essential for creating strong relationships with others and fostering an atmosphere of trust and understanding. It encourages open communication which leads to better problem solving skills and creative solutions while preventing anger or frustration from getting in the way of progress.


Self-determination is the right to make decisions and be in control of your own life. It is a concept that applies to every individual, regardless of their age, gender, race, or ethnicity. Self-determination means having the freedom to choose how you want to live and what you want to do with your life.

The concept of self-determination has been around for centuries, but it has only recently become part of mainstream discourse. Self-determination is an important tool for people who are marginalized or oppressed, because it gives them the power to make decisions about their lives without relying on anyone else.

In order to achieve self-determination, there are certain steps that must be taken. First, individuals must recognize their own power and autonomy. This means understanding that you have the right to make decisions about your life and that no one else can dictate what you should do or how you should behave.

Second, individuals must take action in order to exercise their right of self-determination. This could involve setting goals or taking steps towards achieving those goals. It could also involve standing up for yourself when others try to impose their will on you or engaging in activities that will help you achieve your goals.

Third, individuals must be willing to take risks in order to reach their goals and exercise their right of self-determination. This could mean trying something new, speaking up when you feel like your rights are being violated, or challenging the status quo. Taking risks can be scary but it is an important part of achieving true self-determination.

Therefore, individuals must understand that self-determination is a lifelong process and they must always strive towards reaching their goals and exercising their rights as an individual. Self-determination requires dedication and hard work but it can ultimately lead to greater freedom and autonomy over one’s life.

At its core, self-determination is about giving people the power to decide how they want their lives to look like and then taking action in order to make those dreams a reality. It is an empowering concept that can provide individuals with a sense of control over their lives and give them the confidence they need in order to reach for greater heights.

Creating a Non-Judgmental Atmosphere

The key to creating a safe, non-judgmental atmosphere is to encourage open-mindedness and respect for others. It’s important to make sure everyone feels comfortable expressing their opinions without fear of criticism or judgement. This can be done by setting ground rules for conversations and discussions, such as listening carefully to each other’s perspectives and refraining from making assumptions. Creating a space where everyone can be heard is essential in fostering an environment of acceptance and understanding.

It’s also important to be aware of body language and facial expressions. Nonverbal communication can often speak louder than words, so being conscious of how you interact with others is essential in creating a positive atmosphere. It’s also important to show respect for all opinions, even if they differ from your own. When someone shares an opinion or idea that you don’t agree with, it’s important to express your disagreement in a respectful manner.

Creating a non-judgemental atmosphere also means being open to new ideas and perspectives. This can be done by asking questions instead of making assumptions about people’s beliefs or experiences. Encouraging people to share their thoughts openly will help create an environment where everyone feels comfortable expressing themselves without fear of criticism or judgement.

It’s also important to remember that no one has all the answers and that everyone makes mistakes from time to time. Rather than judging or criticizing someone for making a mistake, it is more effective to focus on understanding why the mistake was made and how it can be prevented in the future. This approach will help foster an atmosphere of learning instead of judgement and will encourage people to take ownership of their actions instead of shaming them for their mistakes.

Therefore, creating a non-judgemental atmosphere means avoiding name calling or other forms of derogatory language when discussing issues or differences in opinion. Respectful dialogue should always be encouraged as it helps create an environment where people feel safe sharing their thoughts without fear of criticism or judgement.

By following these tips, you can create an atmosphere that encourages open dialogue and respects differences in opinion while fostering mutual understanding between all individuals involved

Focus on the Present

Life can be overwhelming at times. With so much going on, it can be easy to get bogged down in the future or obsess over the past. But if you want to live a happy and fulfilling life, it’s important to focus on the present.

It’s natural to worry about what lies ahead or reflect on what happened before, but staying focused on the here and now is key for success. When you focus solely on the present, you allow yourself to make better decisions and live a more meaningful life.

One of the ways to stay focused in the present is to practice mindfulness. Mindfulness involves being aware of your thoughts and feelings without judging them. It allows you to be in tune with yourself and your surroundings without getting distracted by worries about the future or regrets from the past.

Another way to stay in the moment is by practicing gratitude. When we take time out of our day to appreciate all that we have, it helps us stay grounded in reality and enjoy every moment for its potential. Instead of worrying about what could be or regretting what has been, we can simply focus on what is and make an effort to appreciate it for all its worth.

Therefore, engaging in activities that bring you joy can help keep your mind firmly rooted in the present moment. Whether it’s spending time with friends or family, reading a book, taking a walk outside, or playing a game – whatever brings you joy – make sure you do it regularly so that your mind stays focused on living fully in this moment instead of thinking too much about what may come next or how things used to be.

By practicing mindfulness, gratitude, and engaging in activities that bring joy, anyone can learn how to focus on living their best life now instead of worrying about tomorrow or dwelling on yesterday.

Final Words On Key Principles of Person Centred Therapy

Person centred therapy has been used by therapists for decades, and it continues to be an effective approach for many people. It seeks to provide a safe environment where the client can explore their feelings and thoughts without judgement, and make positive changes in their lives. The core principles of person centred therapy include unconditional positive regard, empathy, genuineness and congruence.

Unconditional positive regard means that the therapist is accepting of the client regardless of their circumstances or behaviour. This is essential in helping the person build trust and feel comfortable enough to share their thoughts and feelings.

Empathy is a key element of person-centred therapy and involves understanding the client’s experiences from their perspective. This helps the therapist to provide support tailored to the individual’s needs.

Genuineness refers to being open, honest and transparent with the client so that they can have a genuine relationship with the therapist. This helps them to feel more secure in sharing what’s on their mind.

Congruence is another important principle which involves being authentic and genuine with clients even when it’s difficult or uncomfortable for both parties. This helps build trust between them so that they can work together on finding solutions for any problems they might face.

These key principles are essential in providing person-centred therapy as they help create a safe space where clients can work through issues without fear or judgement.

Ultimately, person-centred therapy is an effective approach that puts its focus on empowering individuals by allowing them to explore their thoughts and feelings without judgment or fear. It allows them to take control of their lives and make positive changes based on self-awareness, empathy, integrity and respect for themselves as well as others.


Author Bio:

P. Cutler is a passionate writer and mental health advocate based in England, United Kingdom. With a deep understanding of therapy's impact on personal growth and emotional well-being, P. Cutler has dedicated their writing career to exploring and shedding light on all aspects of therapy.

Through their articles, they aim to promote awareness, provide valuable insights, and support individuals and trainees in their journey towards emotional healing and self-discovery.

Counselling UK