principles of person centred practice in counselling


Person-centred practice is a form of counselling that focuses on the individual’s own inner resources and strengths. It is based on the belief that every person has an internal wisdom that can help them to understand and make decisions about their lives. This type of counselling considers the individual’s experience, feelings, beliefs and values as key aspects of understanding and addressing their needs. Person-centred practice puts the client at the centre of their own counselling process, empowering them to take charge of their life and work through difficult issues with support from the counsellor. The counsellor’s role is to provide a safe space for exploration, while offering understanding and compassion as well as guidance in navigating life’s challenges. The Person Centred Approach is an approach which focuses on the individual and their needs. It is a holistic approach which takes into account the physical, emotional, mental and spiritual wellbeing of the person. It works by understanding the individual’s needs through listening to them, building positive relationships and providing support in a non-judgemental way. This approach encourages individuals to be empowered to make decisions for themselves and take responsibility for their own lives. The Person Centred Approach aims to help individuals build self-esteem, trust and autonomy so that they can reach their full potential.

Practicing Empathy

Empathy is an important skill to have in life and in work. It helps us to understand how someone else is feeling and what they might be thinking. Practicing empathy can be a difficult skill to learn, but it is worth the effort as it can help us create stronger relationships with others and make us better communicators.

The first step in practicing empathy is to look at the situation from another person’s point of view. This means understanding their feelings and motivations behind their actions. Taking a moment to think about why someone might have done something can help us to build a more accurate picture of what happened, and why they acted in the way they did.

It can also be helpful to put yourself in the other person’s shoes. This means understanding how they might feel or think in a certain situation, based on your own experience or feelings. This can help you develop more understanding of why someone may have acted in a certain way or said something that hurt you.

Active listening is also an important part of practicing empathy. This involves giving the other person your full attention when they are speaking and really trying to understand what they are saying without judgement or interruption. It also involves asking questions if you need clarification about something or if you want more information about a certain topic.

Showing compassion is another key part of practicing empathy. This involves being kind and understanding towards someone else’s feelings, even if you don’t necessarily agree with them or understand them fully yourself. Showing compassion towards someone else helps them feel heard and valued, which can help foster better communication between two people as well as helping build stronger relationships over time.

Therefore, it’s important to remember that practicing empathy doesn’t mean always agreeing with someone else’s opinion – it simply means trying to understand where they are coming from and being respectful of their feelings even if you don’t share them yourself. Practicing empathy can be hard work but it pays off in the long run as it helps us build stronger relationships with others, improve our communication skills, and become better people overall.

Unconditional Positive Regard

Unconditional Positive Regard (UPR) is a fundamental concept in psychology and counseling that involves offering acceptance, support, and understanding to another person without any judgement or criticism. It is a core principle of several therapeutic styles, such as Person-Centered Therapy (PCT), which was developed by Carl Rogers. UPR is based on the idea that we all possess inherent worth and value, regardless of our mistakes and flaws. By acknowledging this inherent value and offering unconditional love and acceptance, we can create an environment where people feel safe to express themselves openly without fear of judgement or criticism.

UPR involves accepting someone for who they are – including their strengths, weaknesses, successes, and failures – without trying to change them. This type of acceptance does not mean condoning negative behavior or ignoring it altogether; rather, it allows the individual to be seen for who they truly are without forcing them to conform to certain standards or expectations. It also allows the individual to take ownership of their own actions and take responsibility for their choices without feeling guilty or ashamed.

UPR encourages therapists to maintain a non-judgmental attitude towards clients while also offering empathy and understanding. This creates an atmosphere free from criticism or judgement where clients can explore their thoughts and feelings in a safe space. This type of environment allows clients to gain insight into themselves and develop healthier coping strategies for dealing with stressors in life. It also gives clients the freedom to make their own decisions while still feeling supported by their therapist.

In addition, UPR helps foster positive relationships between therapist and client by providing an atmosphere of mutual respect. By showing your clients respect and understanding rather than criticism or judgement, you are creating an environment where they feel comfortable being open with you about their thoughts, feelings, experiences, etc., which can help build trust between both parties over time as well as facilitate successful outcomes within therapy sessions.

Therefore, UPR is an invaluable tool in creating a compassionate therapeutic environment where clients feel heard and accepted regardless of who they are or what they have done in life. By providing unconditional love and acceptance to your clients you are giving them the opportunity to be seen for who they truly are while also allowing them the freedom to make their own decisions without feeling judged or criticized by you or anyone else.


Authenticity is an important factor when it comes to any product or service. It refers to the truth, accuracy, and genuineness of something. Companies that offer authentic products and services are more likely to build trust with their customers, as they can be sure that what they are getting is genuine and reliable. Companies should strive to provide only the best quality products and services to ensure their customers are satisfied with their purchase.

When it comes to authenticity, it is important that companies take steps to ensure that their products and services meet the highest standards of quality. This means regularly testing the product or service for any defects or problems and taking preventative measures to ensure that these issues do not arise in the future. Companies should also take steps to ensure that their products and services are not counterfeited or replicated in any way. This can be done by implementing strong security measures such as using authentication systems or tracking systems for each product.

It is also important for companies to be transparent about their processes so that customers know exactly what they are getting when they purchase a product or service from them. Companies should provide detailed information about the product or service, including its features, benefits, limitations, warranty policies, etc., so that customers have a better understanding of what they are buying. This will help them make an informed decision on whether or not the product or service is worth their money.

Therefore, companies should strive to create an authentic customer experience by providing personalized customer service and support. By addressing customer concerns quickly and efficiently, companies can create an atmosphere of trust with their customers which further enhances their authenticity and reputation in the market.


Genuineness is another important factor when it comes to offering a product or service. It refers to how genuine a company is in its interactions with its customers and how honest it is in delivering on its promises. Customers often look for companies that have a genuine intention of helping them rather than just trying to make money off of them.

Companies should always strive for genuineness by being honest with their customers about every aspect of their products and services. This includes providing accurate information about the features, benefits, warranty policies etc., so customers know exactly what they’re getting before making a purchase decision.

Companies should also strive for genuineness by being responsive to customer feedback and inquiries as quickly as possible. By responding promptly and effectively addressing any issues raised by customers, companies show that they value customer feedback which builds trust with them.

Therefore, companies should strive for genuineness by creating unique experiences for each customer based on their individual needs. Personalizing each experience will show customers that the company cares about them as individuals rather than just trying to sell them something. In addition, this personalized approach will help create a stronger bond between the company and its customers which will further enhance its reputation in the market.

Respect for Client Autonomy

At its core, respect for client autonomy is the principle that individuals have the right to make their own decisions about their health and well-being. As healthcare providers, this is a key responsibility of ours when working with clients. We must respect and uphold their autonomy while providing them with the best possible care.

Respecting a client’s autonomy means that we must listen to their wishes and concerns, allow them to make informed decisions about their care, and show them respect in our interactions with them. We must also be mindful of any cultural or religious beliefs they may have when providing care. It is our job to provide clients with all the necessary information so they can make informed decisions without feeling pressured or coerced into anything.

When it comes to respecting client autonomy, communication is key. We need to ensure that we are speaking clearly and listening attentively so that our clients understand what we are saying and can make informed decisions about their care. It is also important to be open-minded and respectful of different opinions and beliefs when communicating with clients.

It is vital that we take our clients’ wishes seriously and not disregard them simply because we disagree with them or think they are wrong. Respect for client autonomy means that we should not take away someone’s right to make decisions regarding their own health without first discussing it with them. This includes respecting any choices they make that may go against our professional advice or opinion.

We should also strive to create an environment where clients feel comfortable expressing themselves and asking questions without feeling judged or patronized. We should be open and honest in our interactions with clients while maintaining a professional demeanor at all times. This allows us to build trust with our clients, which ultimately helps us provide better care.

It is important for healthcare providers to remember that respect for client autonomy is not only a moral obligation but also an ethical one as well. By upholding this principle, we can ensure that each of our clients receives quality care while maintaining their right to self-determination and personal freedom in making decisions about their health and wellbeing


Congruence is an important concept in mathematics and geometry. It is the idea that two shapes or objects are the same, or similar, in some way. For example, two triangles might be congruent if they have the same angles and sides. Congruence is also used in other areas of mathematics, such as algebra and calculus. In algebra, two equations can be congruent if they have the same solutions. In calculus, a function can be congruent to another if it has the same derivative at all points.

Congruence can also be used to describe relationships between objects or ideas. For example, two people could be said to be congruent if they share similar beliefs or values. Similarly, two organizations might be considered congruent if they have similar goals or missions.

Congruence is an important concept in many areas of life and can help us understand how things work together. For instance, it can help us understand why certain solutions work better than others when solving a problem; why certain strategies are more effective than others when dealing with a particular situation; or why some relationships are more successful than others in achieving particular goals.

When working with congruence, it’s important to remember that no two objects or ideas are exactly alike; but that similarities between them can still provide valuable insight into how they interact with one another. This understanding of how different elements fit together can help us make better decisions and create better outcomes overall.

In reflection, understanding congruence is an important skill for anyone who wants to understand how different elements fit together and how they interact with each other in various contexts. It’s also a useful tool for problem-solving and decision-making, as well as for developing successful relationships and strategies for achieving goals.

By recognizing similarities between objects or ideas we can gain valuable insight into how they work together and use this knowledge to make more informed decisions that lead to better outcomes overall.

Having a Non-Judgmental Attitude

At times, it can be hard to maintain a non-judgmental attitude. We all have opinions and beliefs that are important to us, and it’s natural to want to share them. However, when it comes to the opinions and beliefs of others, we should strive to be respectful and open-minded. This is especially important in conversations with people who may not hold the same values as we do.

In order to have a non-judgmental attitude, it’s important that we practice empathy and understanding. We should take the time to listen and try to understand someone else’s perspective before offering our opinion or advice. We should also recognize that everyone has their own unique experiences and circumstances that shape their views. It’s also important that we remain respectful, even if we don’t agree with someone else’s opinion or belief.

It can be difficult not to jump in with our own opinion or advice when someone is sharing their thoughts or feelings with us. But by taking a step back and being present in the moment, we can show respect for their feelings without judgment or criticism. This will create an atmosphere of open dialogue where people feel comfortable sharing their thoughts without fear of judgement or criticism.

When talking about controversial topics, it can be easy for things to get heated quickly if people are not careful with their words. It is important that everyone takes responsibility for their words and actions during these kinds of conversations, as well as staying mindful of how their words are being received by others. By being aware of our own biases and avoiding language that implies judgment or blame, we can create an atmosphere where everyone feels safe expressing themselves without fear of criticism or judgement.

It takes practice but having a non-judgmental attitude is something that everyone can strive for in all aspects of life – from conversations with friends and family members to discussions in the workplace. With patience and understanding, relationships become stronger as respect develops between individuals who may not always agree on everything but can still come together peacefully regardless of differences in opinion.

Empowerment of Client

Empowering clients is essential for any business to succeed, as it allows customers to have more control over their experiences. It also allows businesses to build better relationships with their clients by providing them with the tools and resources they need to make informed decisions. Here are a few ways businesses can use to empower their clients:

  • Listen: Listening to your clients is essential in understanding their needs and concerns, so take the time to listen carefully when they speak.
  • Understand: Understanding what your clients want and need is an important part of empowering them. Take the time to understand their goals and objectives before taking action.
  • Set Expectations: Setting realistic expectations for both yourself and your clients is key in providing the best possible service. Make sure everyone involved knows what’s expected of them.
  • Provide Resources: Providing resources such as websites, articles, and educational materials can help empower your clients by giving them more information about a product or service.
  • Encourage Feedback: Encouraging feedback from your client helps you understand how well you’re meeting their needs. Ask for feedback regularly so that you can adjust your approach if necessary.
  • Communicate Clearly: Clear communication is key in any relationship, but especially when dealing with clients. Make sure everyone involved knows what’s going on and what’s expected of them.

By taking these steps, businesses can empower their clients and create better relationships that will lead to increased customer satisfaction and loyalty. Empowering customers also gives businesses a competitive edge by setting them apart from other companies. Ultimately, empowering clients helps create a positive customer experience that will leave a lasting impression.

Wrapping Up About Principles of Person Centred Practice in Counselling

Person centred counselling is an approach that emphasizes the client-counsellor relationship and focuses on the client’s individual needs. It is a collaborative approach that puts the client in control of their own therapy, allowing them to explore their thoughts and feelings at their own pace. Person centred counselling is based on five core principles: unconditional positive regard, empathic understanding, congruence, respect for autonomy, and accurate empathy.

Unconditional positive regard means accepting the client for who they are without judgement or expectation. Empathic understanding involves listening to the client’s experience without judgement and attempting to see things from their perspective. Congruence means being authentic with the client and being genuine in one’s interactions with them. Respect for autonomy involves recognizing a person’s right to make decisions for themselves while providing support when needed. Therefore, accurate empathy involves acknowledging a person’s feelings and being able to accurately reflect back what they are saying.

Person centred counselling is a powerful tool that can be used to help people explore their thoughts and feelings in an environment that is safe and non-judgmental. By utilizing these five core principles, counsellors can create a therapeutic relationship that encourages clients to explore themselves without fear or judgement. This type of therapy can be incredibly beneficial for those seeking help as it provides an opportunity for growth and healing in a supportive environment


Author Bio:

P. Cutler is a passionate writer and mental health advocate based in England, United Kingdom. With a deep understanding of therapy's impact on personal growth and emotional well-being, P. Cutler has dedicated their writing career to exploring and shedding light on all aspects of therapy.

Through their articles, they aim to promote awareness, provide valuable insights, and support individuals and trainees in their journey towards emotional healing and self-discovery.

Counselling UK