the tribes of person centred therapy


Welcome to the world of person-centred therapy! Person-centred therapy (also known as ‘client-centred’ or ‘Rogerian’ therapy) is a type of psychological counselling that focuses on the individual and their unique needs. This type of therapy was developed by Dr. Carl Rogers in the 1940s and 1950s, and its primary goal is to help individuals learn to take responsibility for their own feelings and behaviours. Person-centred therapists believe that an individual’s feelings, thoughts, and experiences are valid and should be respected. Through this type of therapy, individuals can gain self-awareness, develop self-acceptance, make meaningful connections with others, and ultimately find a sense of contentment in life. Person-centered therapy is an approach to counseling and psychotherapy that focuses on the individual’s experience and feelings. It is based on the belief that each person has the capacity to understand and resolve their own issues, given the right conditions. The therapist’s role is to create a safe, non-judgmental environment where the individual can explore their thoughts and feelings without fear of criticism or ridicule. Through this process, individuals can gain insight into themselves and develop self-acceptance and personal growth. Person-centered therapy encourages self-exploration, encourages individuals to take responsibility for their actions, and promotes self-determination. By understanding themselves better, individuals can make more informed decisions about their lives.

Person Centred Therapy

Person Centred Therapy (PCT) is a form of counselling which places emphasis on the individual’s experience and feelings. It is a non-directive approach, meaning the therapist does not give advice or actively try to shape behaviour. Instead, they listen and provide a safe environment for clients to explore their feelings and come to their own conclusions in their own time. The core principles of PCT are centred around empathy, unconditional positive regard, congruence and self-actualisation.


Empathy is the ability to understand someone else’s experience from their perspective. In PCT, the therapist works to build a secure relationship with the client by showing them empathy and understanding for their current situation. Through this process, the client can feel respected and accepted as they are, creating an environment of trust which allows them to explore their issues without judgement or interference from the therapist.

Unconditional Positive Regard

Unconditional Positive Regard (UPR) is an attitude of acceptance towards the client regardless of their behaviour or beliefs. It allows them to be comfortable in exploring any difficult thoughts or emotions without fear of judgement or criticism from the therapist. UPR helps create an atmosphere where clients can examine themselves objectively without feeling guilty or ashamed of who they are.


Congruence refers to the way in which the therapist presents themselves in sessions; that is, being genuine and authentic with clients instead of projecting an image which may be seen as more desirable or favourable than reality. This allows clients to feel safe enough to open up about any issues they may be struggling with without fear of manipulation or dishonesty from the therapist.


Self-actualisation refers to a person’s ability to reach their full potential as a human being; it is about understanding oneself and living life according to one’s own values and beliefs. In PCT, therapists help clients identify areas where they may need improvement and provide support as they work towards achieving personal goals which align with these values. Through this process, clients can gain insight into themselves and learn how to make positive changes in their lives.

In reflection, Person Centred Therapy relies on core principles such as empathy, unconditional positive regard, congruence and self-actualisation in order for it be effective in helping people overcome difficult experiences or emotions. By listening attentively and providing a non-judgemental environment for exploration, therapists can help individuals discover themselves on a deeper level while providing support throughout this journey of self-discovery.

Benefits of Person Centred Therapy

Person Centred Therapy (PCT) has been developed over the past few decades and is now widely used in counselling settings. It is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on the individual’s feelings and experiences, rather than seeking to diagnose or label them. PCT encourages individuals to explore their own thoughts and feelings in order to increase their self-awareness and gain insight into their behaviours. Here are some of the key benefits of using PCT:

Increased Self-Awareness

One of the main goals of PCT is to help individuals gain greater insight into their own thoughts, feelings, beliefs and behaviours. This process can help them to become more aware of themselves, leading to greater understanding and acceptance of who they are. As a result, they may be better able to respond effectively to challenges by engaging in healthier coping strategies.

Enhanced Emotional Regulation

PCT can also help individuals learn how to regulate their emotions more effectively. The therapist will encourage clients to become aware of their emotions and how they can affect behaviour. Through this process, clients can learn how to better manage their emotions by identifying triggers, developing healthy coping strategies and understanding why certain emotions arise in certain situations.

Safe Space for Expression

The focus on non-judgmental listening is one of the most attractive aspects of PCT for many people. This allows them to feel comfortable exploring difficult topics without fear of being judged in any way. This feeling of safety can be particularly helpful for those who have experienced trauma or abuse, as it allows them a safe space for expression without fear or shame.

Client-Focused Approach

Another advantage of PCT is that it focuses on the needs and experiences of the client rather than trying to diagnose or label them with a particular disorder or condition. This client-focused approach allows for tailored interventions that are designed around each individual’s unique circumstances and needs.

Person Centred Therapy offers many potential benefits for those looking for support with emotional regulation, self-awareness and expression in a safe environment. It’s important that anyone considering this type therapy finds a qualified therapist who they feel comfortable with – this will ensure they get the most out of the treatment process.

Goals of Person Centred Therapy

Person-centred therapy is an approach to counselling that focuses on creating a safe and non-judgmental environment for clients to explore their feelings, thoughts, and beliefs. It emphasises the idea of self-discovery and self-empowerment. The therapist acts as a facilitator for the client to explore their own journey of self-growth and healing.

The goals of person-centred therapy are:

  • Create a safe and supportive environment
  • Encourage clients to express themselves freely
  • Promote acceptance and understanding of the client’s perspectives
  • Empower clients with the tools for self-growth
  • Foster personal responsibility in the client
  • Support clients in developing new perspectives on life issues

Person centred therapy is based on Carl Rogers’ theory of humanistic psychology which proposes that humans have an innate capacity for growth, development, and healing. The therapist facilitates this process by creating an atmosphere which is free from judgment and criticism, while offering empathy, warmth, respect, and unconditional positive regard which are essential ingredients for psychological growth. The therapist encourages the client to talk about their experiences without fear or judgement from the therapist or others. This helps them develop insight into their own feelings and behaviour.

The goals in person centred therapy are to help clients gain greater insight into their experiences, become aware of underlying beliefs that may be contributing to unwanted behaviours or emotions, learn how to better regulate their emotions, make informed decisions based on an understanding of themselves and their values, take ownership of their lives by being mindful of choices they make, and ultimately realise their potential for personal growth. By exploring these goals within a safe space facilitated by a trained professional counsellor or psychotherapist, clients can work towards achieving greater psychological well-being.

The Three Key Conditions of Person Centred Therapy

Person centred therapy is a form of counselling that uses a non-directive approach to help clients heal and grow. It focuses on the individual’s feelings and needs, rather than on diagnosis or problem-solving. There are three key conditions that must be present in order for person centred therapy to be effective:

• Genuine Empathy: The therapist must be able to demonstrate genuine empathy towards the client. This means being able to truly understand and relate to their feelings and experiences, without judgement or criticism.

• Unconditional Positive Regard: The therapist must show acceptance, respect, understanding and warmth towards the client. This helps create a safe environment in which the client can feel comfortable expressing themselves without fear of being judged or shamed.

• Congruence: The therapist must be authentic and genuine in their interactions with the client. They should not pretend to be someone they are not in order to gain approval or manipulate the situation. Instead, they should be open and honest about their thoughts, feelings, beliefs and values.

These three conditions are essential for person centred therapy to work effectively. They provide a safe space for clients to explore their emotions without fear of judgement or criticism, allowing them to heal and grow in ways that would not otherwise be possible. By creating an atmosphere of trust and understanding using these three key conditions, therapists can help their clients reach their full potential.

Person-Centred Therapy Process

Person-centred therapy is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on the individual and their personal experience. It is rooted in the belief that each person has the potential to develop a greater understanding of themselves and to resolve their own issues. The person-centred approach helps individuals to recognise, accept and work through their feelings, thoughts, and behaviours. This article will discuss the various stages of the person-centred therapy process in detail.

Establishing Trust & Rapport: The first step in any successful therapeutic relationship is establishing trust and rapport between the therapist and client. This involves creating an atmosphere of openness, acceptance, safety and respect. The therapist will strive to understand the client’s feelings, thoughts and behaviours without judgement or criticism.

Exploring Feelings:

The next phase of person-centred therapy involves exploring the individual’s feelings in depth. The therapist will provide a safe space for the client to express their emotions without fear of judgement or criticism. The therapist will encourage them to explore all aspects of their emotional life such as fear, sadness, anger, joy or guilt. By exploring these feelings in a non-judgemental way, clients can gain insight into themselves and learn how to better manage their emotions in difficult situations.

Identifying Goals:

Once trust has been established between client and therapist, they can then begin to identify goals for therapy together. This involves discussing what changes the client hopes to make in their life as well as understanding what may be preventing them from achieving those goals. Through this process, clients can gain clarity on what they want out of therapy and begin taking steps towards achieving it.

Developing Action Plans:

Once goals have been identified, clients can then move onto developing action plans for achieving them. This may involve setting short-term goals that are achievable within a set amount of time as well as developing strategies for overcoming any obstacles that may arise along the way. The therapist will provide guidance throughout this process while also allowing clients space to take responsibility for creating their own plan of action.

Exploring Alternatives:

The final stage of person-centred therapy is exploring alternative ways of thinking or behaving that could help clients achieve their goals more effectively or efficiently. Through this exploration process clients can gain insight into different perspectives which could lead them towards more positive outcomes in life.

Person-centred therapy is an effective approach for helping individuals achieve greater self-awareness as well as develop strategies for dealing with difficult situations or emotions more effectively. By going through each stage of this therapeutic process, clients can gain greater clarity on themselves while also taking action towards improving their overall mental wellbeing.

The Role of the Therapist in Person Centred Therapy

Person Centred Therapy is a type of psychotherapy which is focused on an individual’s experience. It is based on the idea that individuals are capable of personal growth and have the resources necessary to make positive changes in their lives. The therapist’s role in this type of therapy is to provide a safe, non-judgmental environment where the person can explore their feelings and thoughts. They do this by creating an atmosphere of trust, acceptance, and support for the individual.

The therapist must be aware of their own biases and be able to recognize when they might be influencing the therapy session. They must also be aware that each person has different needs and must approach each session with an open mind. The therapist also needs to be able to effectively listen without judgment or opinion, as well as provide helpful feedback without being overly directive or controlling.

The therapist should also strive to create a relationship with the client that is based on mutual respect and understanding. This means allowing for autonomy while still providing direction and guidance when needed. It is important for the therapist to be able to create a space where the person can feel comfortable expressing their feelings and experiences freely without fear of being judged or criticized.

Another important role for the therapist is helping individuals understand how their feelings are connected to their behaviours, thoughts, and beliefs. This understanding can help them make changes in their lives that are more likely to result in lasting positive outcomes. The therapist should also provide support in helping individuals develop strategies for coping with difficult emotions or situations. This includes providing education about different types of coping skills as well as providing emotional support when needed.

Therefore, it is important for therapists to provide ongoing evaluation so they can monitor progress and identify areas where additional support may be needed. This helps ensure that clients are getting what they need from therapy sessions and can help them reach their goals in a timely manner.

Person Centred Therapy relies heavily on the relationship between client and therapist, so it is essential that both parties work together towards achieving desired outcomes. The role of the therapist within this type of therapy includes providing a safe environment where individuals can express themselves freely, listening without judgment or criticism, providing guidance when necessary, helping individuals develop strategies for coping with difficult emotions or situations, as well as evaluating progress throughout treatment sessions.

The Role of the Client in Person Centred Therapy

Person centred therapy is a unique approach to counselling that places the client at the centre of the therapeutic process. The aim of this approach is to help clients to become more self-aware and to develop an understanding of their own needs, feelings and behaviour. By doing so, this form of psychotherapy can help clients gain greater insight into themselves and create positive change in their lives. In person centred therapy, the role of the client is crucial in order for them to achieve these goals.

The main goal of person centred therapy is for clients to become self-aware and learn how to take responsibility for their own actions. In order for this to happen, the client must be active in the process by expressing their thoughts, feelings and opinions openly and honestly. This requires a strong sense of trust between the client and therapist, as well as a commitment from both parties to work together towards creating positive change. Clients should also be willing to take risks, explore new ideas and challenge themselves in order to move forward.

In addition to being active participants in person centred therapy, clients are also encouraged to take responsibility for their own decisions and actions. This means that clients must be willing to evaluate their behaviour objectively, without judgement or blame from either themselves or their therapist. Clients should also be aware that their decisions may have consequences, both good and bad, which should be taken into account when making choices about how they want to live their lives.

Person centred therapy also encourages clients to develop an understanding of how their past experiences have shaped who they are today, as well as how they can use these experiences as tools for growth in the future. By exploring past events or relationships, clients can gain insight into patterns or behaviours that may be holding them back from achieving a sense of wellbeing or fulfilment in life. Clients can then use this knowledge as a foundation for making decisions about how they want to move forward with their lives.

Therefore, it is important for clients in person centred therapy understand that they are ultimately responsible for creating positive change in their lives. While guidance from a therapist can provide support throughout this process, only through taking action themselves will they be able to truly create meaningful change that lasts over time.

It is therefore essential that clients remain open-minded throughout person centred therapy and commit fully towards creating positive change within themselves. With patience and dedication on both sides, this type of psychotherapy can provide clients with invaluable insight into themselves which will enable them make decisions about how they want live their lives going forward.

Final Words On The Tribes Of Person Centred Therapy

Person centred therapy is an incredibly valuable and powerful form of therapy that has helped countless people throughout the world to find peace, healing, and self-discovery. The various tribes of person centred therapy provide a wide range of helpful approaches and techniques that can be tailored to each individual’s needs. From experiential therapies that focus on emotions and trauma, to phenomenological therapies that focus on understanding the individual’s perceptions and worldviews, each tribe has something unique to offer.

The key takeaway from this article is that the tribes of person-centred therapy are invaluable in providing a safe space for individuals to explore their emotions, understand themselves better, and live a life of self-discovery. Each tribe has its own strengths and weaknesses, and it is important to consider all of them when looking for the best type of person-centred therapy for oneself or someone else. Ultimately, everyone should strive to find a therapist who understands their needs and values their unique approach to healing.

Person centred therapy provides an effective way for people to work through difficult times with kindness and compassion. It encourages self-reflection without judgement or criticism, allowing individuals to learn more about themselves in a safe and secure environment. By understanding different tribes within person centred therapy, one can gain insight into how they can use these theories in order to work towards personal growth and development.

In closing, it is important to remember that person centred therapy is an incredibly valuable tool for helping individuals reach their personal goals. With its wide range of approaches and techniques available from various tribes, it can be tailored according your individual needs in order for you to find balance in life.


Author Bio:

P. Cutler is a passionate writer and mental health advocate based in England, United Kingdom. With a deep understanding of therapy's impact on personal growth and emotional well-being, P. Cutler has dedicated their writing career to exploring and shedding light on all aspects of therapy.

Through their articles, they aim to promote awareness, provide valuable insights, and support individuals and trainees in their journey towards emotional healing and self-discovery.

Counselling UK